HIZBOLLAH

HIZBOLLAH (Arab. "Party of God"), Lebanese Shiite-Muslim movement and militia based mainly in the southern suburbs of Beirut, in Balbek in the Biqa, and in South Lebanon. It was founded during the lebanon War of 1982, emerging out of a loose coalition of radical Shiite groups. Inspired by the Islamic Revolution in iran and originally aspiring to set up a similar Islamic state in Lebanon as an alternative to the existing multicultural state, it abandoned this goal in the early 1990s and ostensibly became part of the Lebanese political system, participating in parliamentary elections and maintaining a bloc of around 10 parliamentary representatives. Never disarmed by the weak Lebanese government and sponsored by Iran, it   became a virtual state within a state, launching violent attacks against American and Israeli targets. Under its charismatic leader Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah (1953– ) and as the self-proclaimed champion of Arab resistance to the Israeli occupation, it began stockpiling thousands of Iranian- and Syrian-supplied rockets and building an extensive tactical infrastructure during a six-year lull in hostilities during the 2000s, until the illusion of tranquility was shattered in summer 2006. For a summary of the renewed hostilities, see israel , State of: Historical Survey; for a detailed review of Israel's war against terrorism, see israel , State of: Israel Defense Forces ("The War against Terrorism"). See also lebanon ; lebanon War.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hizbollah — Hizbọllah   [arabisch, »Partei Gottes«] die, , Hizbụllah, Hisbọllah, politisch militärische schiitische Organisation im Libanon; gegründet 1982. Stark unterstützt vom Iran, verfolgt die Hizbollah eine an Khomeini orientierte Politik und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hizbollah — Flagge der Hisbollah mit Schriftzug ( Wahrlich, die Partei Gottes ist die siegende Partei. Der islamische Widerstand im Libanon ) und Kalaschnikow. Das Logo der Hisbollah ist an dem der Iranischen Revolutionsgarde angelehnt und wurde im Iran… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hizbollah — Hezbollah Liban Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique du Liban, sous série sur la politique. Constitution Prés …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hizbollah — noun a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon • Syn: ↑Hizballah, ↑Hezbollah, ↑Hizbullah, ↑Lebanese Hizballah, ↑Party of God,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hizbollah — Hiz|bol|lah another spelling of ↑Hezbollah …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Hizbollah — n. Hizbullah, extremist Shiite organization located in Lebanon …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Operation Gehaltenes Versprechen — Die am 12. Juli 2006 durch die Hizbollah durchgeführte Operation „Gehaltenes Versprechen“ (arab. Wa’d al Sadiq) stellte die umfangsreichste und in ihren Konsequenzen weitreichendste bewaffnete Operation der Hizbollah seit dem Jahr 2000 dar. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DEFENSE FORCES — Ottoman and Mandatory Periods (1878–1948) The development of the self defense force of the yishuv was an influential part of the history of Jewish settlement in Ereẓ Israel. In the last quarter of the 19th century, when the first Jewish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Israel-Libanon-Konflikt 2006/Zeitleiste — Der Libanonkrieg 2006 war eine Eskalation im Nahostkonflikt. Im Folgenden werden die Ereignisse in zeitlicher Reihenfolge abgehandelt: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Juli 1.1 12. Juli 2006 1.2 13. Juli 2006 1.3 14. Juli 2006 1.4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel-Libanon-Krise 2006/Zeitleiste — Der Libanonkrieg 2006 war eine Eskalation im Nahostkonflikt. Im Folgenden werden die Ereignisse in zeitlicher Reihenfolge abgehandelt: Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Juli 1.1 12. Juli 2006 1.2 13. Juli 2006 1.3 14. Juli 2006 1.4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.